1818 edition

This online text provides the original 1818 edition of Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein. Although both the 1818 and 1831 editions are public domain and long out of copyright, most online versions of Frankenstein, if not all, rely upon the 1831 text—a situation this project is designed to correct. Originally this project was intended to be expanded to include both published editions, with annotations, as well as a collation of all of the texts, including Mary Shelley’s original manuscript and fair copy as well as her annotations in the Thomas copy of the 1818 edition at the Pierpont Morgan Library, New York. However, J. Paul Hunter’s edition renders these further developments unnecessary, and is highly recommended.

Most errors in the original (1818) text have been left uncorrected, and will be indicated in the notes. A few minor obvious typographical errors have been silently corrected; in two cases where a reading from the 1831 edition is substituted, this is indicated by the use of square brackets: [ ]. Mary Shelley’s own notes, original to the 1818 edition, are indicated with angle brackets: < >.

[Shelley, Mary.] Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus. London: Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor, & Jones, 1818.
Annenberg Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Editions consulted:
Hunter, J. Paul, ed. Frankenstein: A Norton Critical Edition. New York: W. W. Norton, 1996.
Rieger, James, ed. Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus (The 1818 Text). New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1974.

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Last Revised: Friday, 19 September 2007
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